Carl Andre


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Carl Andre, born in 1935, is a seminal figure in minimalist sculpture, renowned for his groundbreaking contributions to redefining the nature of art and its relationship with space. His work often involves elemental materials such as metal plates, bricks, and timber arranged in simple, geometric configurations that highlight the intrinsic qualities of the materials themselves.

Andre’s sculptures, often arranged directly on the ground, challenge traditional notions of sculpture by emphasizing the physical presence and spatial relationships of the materials. His work explores concepts of form, mass, and the viewer’s interaction with the artwork, inviting contemplation of the surrounding environment.

His insistence on the direct engagement with materials and space has had a lasting influence on contemporary sculpture, solidifying his place as a pioneering figure in the evolution of conceptual and minimalist art movements.

Born in Quincy, Massachusetts / USA

Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts

Solo exhibtions (Selection)

Carl Andre: Small Sculptures and Short Words, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York, New York 

Carl Andre: Sculpture as Place, 1958-2010, Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin
Restitución y resistencia: Carl Andre, 1972-2015, Solidaridad Salvador Allende, Santiago, Chile

Carl Andre In His Time, Mnuchin Gallery, New York, NY

Carl Andre, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York
A Friendship: Carl Andre’s Works on Paper from the LeWitt Collection,The Dan Flavin Art Institute, Bridgehampton, New York
Carl Andre: Poems 1958–1969, Museum Zu Allerheiligen, Schaffhausen, Switzerland
Carl Andre: Sculpture as Place, 1958 – 2010, Dia Art Foundation, Beacon, New York; travels: Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain (5/4 – 10/12/15); Hamburger Bahnhof Museum für Gegenwart Berlin, Germany (5/5–9/18/16); Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France (10/17/16–2/12/17); The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA (4/2–7/24/17)

Carl Andre, Alfonso Artiaco, Naples

Carl Andre, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York
Carl Andre, Galerie Tschudi, Zuoz, Switzerland
Rise, Ace Gallery, Los Angeles, California

Carl Andre, Museum Kurhaus Kleve, Kleve
Carl Andre, Museion, Bolzano
Travertine/Basalt, Sadie Coles HQ, London
Carl Andre, Galeria Cayon, Madrid
Timber Works, Konrad Fischer Galerie, Berlin

@, Alfonso Artiaco, Naples
Carl Andre, The Chinati Foundation, Marfa

TIN”, Sadie Coles HQ, London
Carl Andre, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York
Stone, Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf
Tin Works, Galerie Tschudi, Zuoz

IRON, Yvon Lambert, Paris
Galerie Greta Meert, Brussels
Cu Al, Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf
Al C Cu Fe Pb Sn, Galerie Tschudi, Zuoz
WESTERN RED CEDAR, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York

Carl Andre: Early Works on Paper 1958-1966, Andrea Rosen, New York
Carl Andre: Hommage à Chillida, Kunst Station Sankt Peter, Cologne
Carl Andre: Poetry, Galerie Tschudi, Glarus
Carl Andre. 40 Jahre bei Konrad Fischer, Konrad Fischer Galerie, Berlin
Zinc, ACE Gallery, Beverly Hills
Timber Works/Copper Works, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York

Sculpture, Sadie Coles HQ , London
The sum of a number is half the sum of the square of the number plus the number itself, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York
Poems, Galerie Arnaud Lefebvre, Paris
Pythagorean sculptures, Galerie Tschudi, Glarus
passport & poetry, Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf

Carl Andre, 1000 eventi, Milano
Carl Andre – Black Wholes, Kunsthalle Basel, Basel
Galerie Tschudi, Glarus

Carl Andre, photography, Galerie Arnaud Lefebvre, Paris +cat.
Carl Andre: Lament for the Children, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York
Carl Andre – Works from Glarus, Galerie Tschudi, Zuoz/Engadin, Switzerland
Carl Andre: Graphite, Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf, Germany
Carl Andre – Passeport et Poésie 1960 – 2000″, Cabinet des Estampes, Genève, Switzerland

Carl Andre: America Drill, Galerie Arnaud Lefebvre, Paris         
Carl Andre – New Work and presentation of the poem “America Drill, Geukens & De Vil Contemporary Art, Knokke-Zoute
Carl Andre / Copper Timber, Galerie Tschudi, Glarus
Thank You Glarus – Carl Andre, Kunsthaus Glarus
Aluminum Squares, Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf
Carl Andre: Poems, Yucatan 1972, Gallery Yamaguchi, Osaka

Carl Andre, ACE Gallery, Los Angeles
Carl Andre, Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf        
Carl Andre – Copper Cubes, Galerie Tschudi, Glarus    
Carl Andre – Ingots – Wood/Words/Aluminum, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York
Carl Andre, poems, Gallery Side 2, Tokyo

CARL ANDRE, WORKS ON LAND, Open Air Museum Middelheim
Carl Andre / Words & Small Fields; Sadie Coles, London

Carl Andre, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London
Poetry / TryPoe, Galerie Tschudi, Glarus
Carl Andre – Small Sculptures”, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York

Lament for the Children, Yvon Lambert, Paris

Alfonso Artiaco, Naples
Western Red Cedar, Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf
Carl Andre – New Work, Inverleith House, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh
Carl Andre / Selected Works, Galerie Tanit, Munich
Carl Andre – New Work, Paula Cooper, New York
Carl Andre, Galerie Tschudi, Glarus

Carl Andre at Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf
Carl Andre, ACE Gallery New York and ACE Gallery Los Angeles
PASSPORT 1960 / YUCATAN 1972, Galerie Arnaud Lefebvre, Paris         
The Void Enclosed by the Squares of Three, Four, and Five, Synagogue Stommeln, Pulheim
Hexatins 1996, Busche Galerie, Berlin
Galerie Tschudi, Glarus
CARL ANDRE Sculptor 1997, M.A.C. Musée d’Art Contemporain at Musée Cantini, Marseille
Carl Andre – Oeuvre Poétique, Centre de la Vieille Charité, Marseille
Typewriter Drawings 1963 and Blue Cut Trails 1963, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York

Carl Andre Sculptor 1996 – Krefeld at home / Wolfsburg at large, Krefeld Haus Lange & Haus Esters and Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, simultaneous shows
Carl Andre – Erik Satie – Constantin Brancusi, Galerie Arnaud Lefebvre, Paris
Carl Andre Sculptor 1996, Museum of Modern Art, Oxford
Second Floor Exhibition Space, Reykjavík
Carl Andre, Bonnefantenmuseum, Maastricht (Wiebengahal)
Prospective Retrospective, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York

Sand-Lime Instar, Gagosian Gallery, Madison Avenue, New York
Carl Andre – Sculpture, Paula Cooper Gallery New York
Pb Cu Galerie Tschudi, Glarus
Carl Andre – New Wood Works, Anthony d’Offay Gallery, London

Words 1958-1972, Kölnischer Kunstverein, Cologne, and WORDS – The Complete Poems, Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam
Carl Andre bei Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf

Carl Andre: Maze & Snares of Minimalism, Julian Pretto Gallery, New York
Carl Andre, Galerie Tschudi, Glarus
Words 1960 – 1980, Paula Cooper, New York, travelled

Carl Andre – Manet Isobars, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York
Carl Andre – Ten Sculptures in the Shape of a Pair, Galerie Plus-Kern, Brussels
Carl Andre – Recent Sculpture, Julian Pretto Gallery, New York
Carl Andre, Yvon Lambert, Paris
Carl Andre, Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf

Tate Gallery, London, Preview of: Without Walls: Upholding the Bricks, 60 min. film, Channel Four Television
Carl Andre – Extraneous Roots, Museum für Moderne Kunst at the Cloister of the Carmelites, Frankfurt a.M.
Carl Andre: Homage to Hollis Frampton, Cleveland Center for Contemporary Art, Cleveland, Ohio
Carl Andre – Skulptur & Poesi, Vestsjaellands Kunstmuseum, Sorø
Coldrolled Primecouples, Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf
Bismuth Cadmium Indium, Anthony d’Offay, London

Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf
Plus-Kern Gallery, Brussels
Paula Cooper Gallery, New York

Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris
Six Sculptures, Anthony d’Offay, London
Words as Poems, Matter as Sculpture, Paula Cooper, New York
Brownian Stillness, Galería Edurne, Madrid

Roaring Forties, Palacio de Cristal, Madrid, travelled to Espacio Parque Pignatelli, Museo Pablo Gargallo, Zaragoza
Julian Pretto Gallery, New York
Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf
Hearth, Yvon Lambert, Paris
Plus-Kern, Brussels
Jean Bernier, Athens

Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, simultaneous show with Haags Gemeentemuseum, Den Haag
Carl Andre – Sculture, Museo d’Arte Contemporanea, Castello di Rivoli
Revel (for KF), Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf

Petit Granit/Belgian Blue Limestone, Plus-Kern, Brussels
Belgian Blue Limestone”, Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf

Paula Cooper Gallery, New York
Travertino, Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris
Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf
Gian Enzo Sperone, Roma
Die Milchstraße (La Voie Lactée/The Milky Way), Kunstraum München eV., Munich

Fine Arts Gallery, Broward Community College, Fort Lauderdale
Richland College, Dallas
Der Frieden von Münster, Westfälischer Kunstverein, Münster
Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf
Galerie im Körnerpark (DAAD), Berlin
Plus-Kern, Brussels
Galleria Primo Piano, Roma
Galerie Andre, Anselm Dreher, Berlin
Fine Arts Center Art Gallery, State University of New York at Stony Brook

Sculpture 1983, Heath Gallery, Atlanta, Georgia
For Eva Hesse, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York
Flow Ace Gallery, Los Angeles
Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris
Range Works, Konrad Fischer, Zürich
Fireworks, Galerie Plus-Kern, Brussels
Le Nouve au Musée, Villeurbanne/Lyon, France
Le Coin du Miroir, Dijon, France
The Clocktower, The Institute for Art and Urban Resources, New York

Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf
Toronto Works, David Bellman, Toronto
Susan Caldwell Gallery, New York
Alberta College of Art Gallery (now: Illingworth Kerr Gallery), Calgary
Lowe Art Museum, University of Miami, Coral Gables
University of Wyoming, Laramie
Colorado State University, Fort Collin

House as Organ: Stops and Unstopped, Museum Haus Lange, Krefeld
Carl Andre, New Sculpture, Anthony d’Offay, London
Konrad Fischer, Zürich
Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart
Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh
Paula Cooper Gallery, New York
Susan Caldwell Gallery, New York
Seagram Plaza, New York

Sculpture 1959–1977, Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston
Paula Cooper Gallery, New York
Manet Series. In Memory of Thomas Morton, Lopoukhine Nayduch Gallery, Boston
Pair, Hearth, Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf
Ace Gallery, Venice, California
Cornish Institute of Arts, Seattle, Washington
David Bellman Gallery, Toronto
Portland State University, Oregon

Wood, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels
Sculpture 1959–1977, Glenbow Institute, Calgary, Alberta
Sculptures en bois, ARC, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris
Sculpture 1959–1977, University Art Museum, University of California, Berkeley
Sculpture 1959–1977, Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, Dallas
National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa
Reese Bullen Gallery, Humboldt State University, Arcata
Sculpture 1959–1977, Musée d’Art Contemporain, Montreal
Dag Hammarskjöld Plaza Sculpture Garden, New York
ACA Gallery SAIT, Calgary, Alberta

Sculpture 1959–1977, Laguna Gloria Art Museum, Austin, Texas, travelled
Sculpture 1959–1977, The Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnat
Sculpture 1959–78, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London
Ace Gallery, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Sculpture 1959–1977, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York
Art Agency Co. Ltd., Tokyo
Pinacotheca Richmond Victoria, Melbourne, travelled to Newcastle Region Art Gallery, New Castle, New South Wales
Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf
Ace Gallery, Venice, California
Sculpture 1959–1977, The Art Institute of Chicago
Wood, Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum Eindhoven
Sperone Westwater Fischer

Otis Art Institute, Los Angeles
Sperone Westwater Fischer, New York
Joseloff Gallery, Hartford Art School, Connecticut

Wood and Metal Sculptures 1960–1975, John Weber Gallery, New York
Prime Terrane, Detroit Institute of the Arts, Detroit
Ace Gallery, Venice
Neubrückwerk, Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf
Fe Zn, Kabinett für Aktuelle Kunst, Bremerhaven
Copper Prime Couples, Galerie Yvon Lambert, Paris
Minneapolis College of Art and Design, Minneapolis
Davison Art Center, Wesleyan University, Middletown
The Clocktower, New York
John Weber Gallery, New York
Barbara Cusack Gallery, Houston

Kunsthalle Bern
Barbara Cusack Gallery, Houston
Lisson Gallery, London
Galleria Gian Enzo Sperone, Palazzo del Drago, Roma
Daniel Weinberg Gallery, San Francisco
Ace Gallery, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
John Weber Gallery, New York
Sperone Westwater Fischer, New York

Wide White Space at Le Bailli, Brussels
Wide White Space, Antwerpen
John Weber Gallery, New York
Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf
Ace Gallery, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Max Protetch Gallery, Washington, D.C.
144 Blocks and Stones. For Robert Smithson (1938-1973), Portland Center for the Visual Arts
Six Alloy Plains, Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover
Waterbodies, Projects Series, The Museum of Modern Art, New York
Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston
Thayer Academy, Braintree
Dipoles Al-Cu-Fe, Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf
John Weber Gallery, New York
Galleria Gian Enzo Sperone, Torino
Forum für Aktuelle Kunst, Galerie Krinzinger, Innsbruck

Plains Cu Pb Mg Zn, Janie C. Lee Gallery, Dallas
Friends of Contemporary Art, Denver
Small Floor Pieces, Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf
Lisson Gallery, London
John Weber Gallery, New York

Dwan Gallery, New York
Weathering Piece, Wide White Space, Antwerpen
The Saint Louis Art Museum, St. Louis
Four Meditations on the Year 1960, Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf
Locksley-Shea Gallery, Minneapolis
Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf
Galerie Yvon Lambert, Paris
Galerie Heiner Friedrich, Munich

The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
Ace Gallery, Venice, California

Dwan Gallery, New York
Haags Gemeentemuseum, Den Haag
Al Cu, Wide White Space, Antwerpen
Alloy Squares, Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf
Galleria Gian Enzo Sperone, Torino

Clastic, Wide White Space, Antwerpen
Städtisches Museum, Mönchengladbach
Galerie Heiner Friedrich, Munich
Irving Blum Gallery, Los Angeles
Dwan Gallery, Los Angeles, California
Ontologische Plastik, Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf, Germany
Dwan Gallery, New York

Tibor de Nagy, New York

Tibor de Nagy, New York

Group exhibitions (Selection)

Delirious: Art at the Limits of Reason, 1950-1980, Met Breuer, New York, NY
No Exit, Peter Blum Gallery, New York, NY
A Different Way to Move: Minimalisms, New York, 1960-1979, curated by Marcella Lista, Carré d’Art – Musée d’Art Contemporain, Nîmes, FranceSerialities, Hauser & Wirth, New York, NY

The Serial Attitude, Eykyn Maclean, New York, NYSculptures: matters, materials, textures… Galerie Bernard Ceysson, Foetz / Offsite Luxembourg
Decor, Boghossian Foundation, Brüssel, Belgium
Cloud and Crystal, Wolke & Krinstall Die Sammlung Dorothee und Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf, Germany
Xerox, Societé, Brüssel, Belgium
The Illustrated Word, Vivian Horan Fine Art, New York, NY
Alberto Burri: lo Spazio di Materia – tra Europa e U.S.A, Fondazione Palazzo Albizzini Collezione Burri, Perugia, Italy
Schiff Ahoy: Contemporary Art from the Brandhorst Collection, Museum Brandhorst, Munich, Germany
Solo Walks, Museo d’arte dei Grigioni Coira, Chur, Switzerland
With a Touch of Pink…with a Bit of Violet…With a Hint of Green: Dorothee Fischer in Memoriam, Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf, Germany FORTY, Organized in Celebration of MoMA PS1’s 40th Anniversary by P.S.1 Founder Alanna Heiss, MoMA PS1, Long Island City, Queens, NY
Excitement, Stedelijik Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Objects and Bodies at Rest and in Motion, Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden
Les Possédés, Château Borély, Musée ded Arts Décoratifs, de la Faïence et de la Mode, Marseille, France
DRAWING THEN: Innovation and Influence in American Drawings of the Sixties, Dominique Levy, New York, NY
Drawing Dialogues: The Sol LeWitt Collection, The Drawing Center, New York, NY
Seeing Round Corners, Turner Contemporary, Margate, UK 

Blind Architecture, curated by Douglas Fogle, Thomas Dane Gallery, London, UK
Des histoires d’automne, Mamco- musée d’art moderne et contemporain, Geneva, Switzerland
The Xerox Book, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York, NY
Word by Word, curated by Francesco Bonami, Luxembourg & Dayan, London, UK
Brancusi: Pioneer of American Minimalism, Paul Kasmin Gallery, New York, NY
Selections from the Kramarsky Collection, David Zwirner, New York, NY America is Hard to See, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Accelerazione, Herbert Foundation, Ghent, Belgium
American Icons: Masterworks from SFMOMA and the Fisher Collection, Grand Palais, Paris, France; travelling to Musée Granet, Aix-en-ProvenceCollecting for tomorrow. New works at Museion, Museion, Bolzana, ItalyAdventures of the Black Square: Abstract Art and Society 1915-2015, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, UK
Carl Andre, Dan Flavin, Sol LeWitt, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York, NY 

Ma-re Mount, Galerie Buchholz, Cologne, Germany
The Never Ending Stories Cycle, Musée d’art modern et contemporain, Geneva, Switzerland
Art from Elsewhere: International Contemporary Art from UK Galleries, Gallery of Modern Art, Glasgow, UK; travelling to Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery, Birmingham, UK; Middlesbrough Institute of Modern Art, Middlesbrough, UK ; Harris Museum & Art Gallery, Preston, UK; Towner, Eastbourne, UK ; Bristol Museum & Art Gallery and Arnolfini, Bristol, UK
L’énergie des matériaux : Arte Povera & Minimal Art, Pièces de la collections Francis Solet, L’Hotel de Gallifet, Aix en Provence, France
Love Story – The Anne & Wolfgang Titze Collection, Winter Palace and 21er Haus, Vienna, Austria
Mind and Matter, Fonds M-ARCO, Le Box, Marseille, France
La Disparition des Lucioles, Prison Sainte-Anne, Avignon, France
Everything Loose Will Land, Graham Foundation, Chicago, IL
Texte in der Kunst, Georg Kargl Fine Arts, Vienna, Austria

Before the Horizon, Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona, Spain Xerography, Firstsite, Colchester, UK
Julian Pretto Gallery, MINUS SPACE, Brooklyn, NY
Signs/Words, Sperone Westwater, Lugano, Switzerland
Biennale Arte 2013, The Encyclopedic Palace, Venice (5/2013) :[[Works on Paper, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York, NY
Zero +, White Box, New York, NY
Répétition II, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York, NY
A Stone Left Unturned, Yvon Lambert, Paris, France
Carl Andre: Mass & Matter, Turner Contemporary
Répétition: 1960–1975, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York, NY
Nothing and Everything, Marc Straus, New York, NY

10 Years in Zuoz, Galerie Tschudi, Zuoz, Switzerland
Carte Blanche á Paula Cooper Gallery, Galerie Patrick Seguin, Paris, France
Ends of the Earth: Land Art to 1974, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (5/27 – 8/20/12), travels to Haus der Kunst, Munich
Paper, Musée d’Art Moderne et d’Art Contemporain, Nice, France
Sculpture, Paul Kasmin Gallery, New York, NY
Carl Andre/John Wesley: Serial Forms, Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York, NY
Minimalism: Not Strictly Formal, Michael Kohn Gallery, Los Angeles, CA Ecstatic Alphabets, Museum of Modern Art, NY
Martin Visser: collector, designer, free spirit, Bonnefantenmuseum Maastricht, the Netherlands
Der Raum der Linie, Museum Wiesbaden, Germany
Spirits of Internationalism, M HKA, Antwerp

John Kaldor Family Collection, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
Personal Structures: Time – Space – Existence, Palazzo Bembo, Venice

Vertically Integrated Manufacturing, Murray Guy, New York
Anti Icon, Eaton Fine Arts, West Palm Beach
Personal Structures: Time – Space – Existence, Künstlerhaus Thurn & Taxi, Bregenz
Aber Schwartz ist doch gar keine Farbe!, Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf
Play Van Abbe- Part 2: Time Machines, Vanabbemuseum, Eindhoven
25 Jahre Galerie Tschudi, Galerie Tschudi, Zuoz

One Copenhagen, Stalke Up North, Copenhagen
1968 – Die Grosse Unschuld, Kunsthalle Bielefeld, Bielefeld
Time, Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf

One More, Esbjerg Kunstmuseum, Esbjerg

Commitment, Cultureel Centrum Strombeek, Mechelen
21 Years, Arnaud Lefebvre, Paris
Oeuvres de la collection Billarant, Dominique Perrault Architecture, Paris
1 (One), Björn Ressle, New York

Inventur – Werke aus der Sammlung Herbert, Kunsthaus Graz
Galerie mit Bleistift Fischer – Papierarbeiten aus den 60er und 70er Jahren, Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf
Napoli, Alfonso Artiaco Galleria with: Melissa Kretschmer – Mary Obering – Doug Ohlson
Von Carl Andre bis Bruce Nauman, Rieckhallen, Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin
Fast nichts, Minimalistische Werke aus der Friedrich Christian Flick Collection im Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin
Archisculpture, Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Wolfsburg
Elemental Form, L&M Arts, New York
Plane/Figure – Amerikanische Kunst aus Schweizer Privatsammlungen und aus dem Kunstmuseum Winterthur
Minimalism: On and Off Paper, Vivian Horan, New York
Small works, Arnaud Lefebvre, Paris
DEDICA, Palazzo delle arti, Napoli

Leporello, Een reis door de collectie, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
Landscape, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
EXIT – Ausstieg aus dem Bild”, ZKM, Museum für Neue Kunst, Karlsruhe
Archisculpture, Guggenheim, Bilboa
Evergreen, Inverleith House, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh

Singular Forms (Sometimes Repeated): Art from 1951 to the Present, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
A Minimal Future? Art As Object 1958-1968, MOCA at California Plaza, Los Angeles
La odisea americana 1945/1980, Circulo de Bellas Artes, Madrid
Beyond Geometry: Experiments in Form 1940s_70s, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, LACMA, Los Angeles
Shanghai Art Museum: Encounters with Modernism, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
Landscape, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
Specific Objects: The Minimalist Influence, Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego, MCASD La Jolla, La Jolla
Archisculpture, Fondation Beyeler, Basel

An International Legacy: Selections from Carnegie Museum of Art, Oklahoma City Museum of Art, Oklahoma City; travelled to Nevada Museum of Art, Reno; Mobile Museum of Art, Mobile, Alabama
3×3 – Flavin, Andre, Judd, National Gallery of Canada, Halifax; travelled to Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, Illingworth Kerr Gallery and Alberta College of Art & Design, Calgary
Elemental: Selections from the permanent collection, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis
From Modernism to the Contemporary, 1958–1999, The Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin
From Broodthaers to Horn, Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven
Arte y utopia – La acción restringida, Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona, MACBA, Barcelona

Passenger: The Viewer as Participan, Astrup Fearndkey Museet for Moderne Kunst, Oslo
Conceptual Art 1965–1975 from Dutch and Belgian Collections, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
Artists of the Heath Gallery 1965–1998, Museum of Contemporary Art of Georgia, Atlanta
Walk Around Time: Selections from the Permanent Collection, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis
Les annees 70: l’art en cause, capcMusee d’art contemporain, Bordeaux
Pieces de Collection/Oeuvres Contemporaines, Ecole Supérieure des Beaux-Arts de Nimes

Art Works – Sammlung Marzona – Kunst um 1968, Kunsthalle Bielefeld
Monet’s Legacy. Series – Order and Obsession, Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg
à fur et à mesure / Collection Jean-Philippe & Françoise Billarant, Espace de l’Art Concret, Château de Mouans-Sartoux, Côte d’Azur
noncomposition, fifteen case studies, Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford
La percezione dello spazio, Galleria d’Arte Moderna & Contemporanea, Palazzo Forti, Verona
Minimalismos. Un signo de los tiempos, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, MNCARS; Madrid
Antagonismos, MACBA, Barcelona

Many Colored Objects …, Casino Luxembourg, Forum d’Art Contemporain, Luxembourg
Artworkers, Oriel Mostyn Gallery, Llandudno, Wales
An Empty Space, Akira Ikeda Gallery, New York
Carl Andre and Sol LeWitt, Galerie Tschudi, Glarus
Changing Perceptions – The Panza Collection at the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Bilbao

Auffrischender Wind aus wechselnden Richtungen / Internationale Avantgarde seit 1960, Die Sammlung Paul Maenz, Neues Museum, Kunstsammlungen zu Weimar
Important Sculptors of the Late Twentieth Century, Stamford Sculpture Walk ’99, Stamford
House of Sculpture, Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Fort Worth, Texas
White Fire – Amerikanische Kunst 1959–1999 in Basel, Museum für Gegenwartskunst, Basel
Zeitgenössische Kunst seit 1968, Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg
The American Century / Part II, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
Test Site, MASS MoCA, North Adams

Every Day: the 11th Biennale of Sydney, Sydney   
A Choice from the Collection, Van AbbeMuseum Eindhoven
horizontal – vertikal, Das Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt am Main
Rendezvous / Masterpieces from the Centre Georges Pompidou and The Guggenheim Museums, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, New York
The Guggenheim Museums and the Art of this Century, Inaugural exhibition at the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
Auguste Rodin, Musée Royal de Mariemont
50 espèces d’espaces, Centre de la Vieille Charité and MAC, galeries contemporaines des musées de Marseille

Sammlung Froehlich, Hamburg Deichtorhallen and Kunsthalle Hamburg, Germany, travelled to Wien Bank Austria Kunstforum, Vienna
L’Art de Collectionner, Palais des Beaux Arts, Brussels
Die Epoche der Moderne – Kunst im 20. Jahrhundert, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin; travelled to London, Royal Academy of Arts, London
The View from Denver, Museum Moderner Kunst Wien, Vienna    
Sleeping Beauty, Van Abbemuseum Eindhoven
On the Edge / Contemporary Art from the Werner and Elaine Dannheisser Collection, The Museum of Modern Art, New York
Le Bel Aujourd’hui – Oeuvres d’une collection privée, Le Nouveau Musée/Institut FRAC Rhône-Alpes, Villeurbanne Cedex

Total Risk, Freedom, Discipline: Abstraction in the Twentieth Century, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum New York
Minimal Art, Koldo Mitxelena Kulturnea, San Sebastián
Wide White Space – Une histoire de l’art des années 60/70, MAC, galeries contemporaines des musées de Marseille, Marseille
Chimériques polymères: Le Plastique dans l’Art du XXème Siècle, Musée d’Art Moderne et d’Art Contemporain, Nice
The Froehlich Collection, Tate Gallery, London

Revolution: Art of the Sixties from Warhol to Beuys, Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo
A Passion for the New New Art in Tel Aviv Collections, Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv
Entr’Acte 4, Van Abbemuseum Eindhoven
Passions Privées, Musée d’’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, ARC, Paris

Till Brancusi, Malmö Konsthall, Malmö      
Tuning Up: Cue for a Collection in Wolfsburg, Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg
Zimmer, in denen die Zeit nicht zählt: Die Sammlung Udo und Anette Brandhorst, Museum für Gegenwartskunst, Basel
Art Américain: Les Années 60-70, Musée d’Art Moderne Saint-Etienne
Wide White Space 1966-1976, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, travelled to Kunstmuseum Bonn, and MAC Marseille

Shapes and Positions, Museum Fridericianum, Kassel
Amerikanische Kunst im 20. Jahrhundert, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, travelled to Royal Academy of Arts, London
The Collection, Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven

Yvon Lambert collectionne, Musée d’art moderne de la Communauté Urbaine de Lille, Villeneuve d’Ascq
Minima(a)l, Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst, Citadelpark, Gent
The Living Object: The Art Collection of Ellen H. Johnson, Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin College, Oberlin
Schwerpunkt Skulptur, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Museum, Krefeld
Manifeste, Musée d’art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
From Brancusi to Bourgeois. Aspects of the Guggenheim Collection, Opening of the SoHo Branch of the Guggenheim Museum, New York
Tropismes, Collecció d’Art Contemporani Fundació LA CAIXA, Barcelona

Postwar Sculpture from the Collection, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York
Betekende Ruimte / Designated Space, Museum Dhondt-Dhaenens
8 Young Artists Then and Now (1964–1991), The Bertha & Karl Leubsdorf Art Gallery, New York
American Abstraction at the Addison, The Addison Gallery of American Art, Phillips Academy, Andover
Een keuze uit de eigen collectie minimale kunst uit de jaren zestig en zeventig, Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven
Denk-Bilder / Kunst der Gegenwart 1960–1990, Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung München and, Von der Heydt-Museum, Wuppertal
Immaterial Objects, Whitney Museum of American Art at Equitable Center, New York
Sammlung Lafrenz, Neues Museum Weserburg, Bremen

Um 1968 – Konkrete Utopien in Kunst und Gesellschaft, Städt. Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, and at Museum für Gestaltung, Zürich
Affinities and Intuitions: The Gerald S. Elliot Collection of Contemporary Art, The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago
Two Decades of American Art: The 60’s & 70’s, Nassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn Harbor, New York
Un Choix d’Art Minimal dans la Collection Panza, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris
Minimal Art, The National Museum of Art, Osaka

Capita Selecta, Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven
Minimalism, Tate Gallery, Liverpool
Modern Masters ’89, Helsingin Taidehalli, Helsinki
Bilderstreit, Rheinhallen der Kölner Messe, Cologne
Immaterial Objects, organized by the Whitney Museum of American Art; travelled to North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh; Albany Museum of Art, Georgia; and San José Museum of Art, San José

Arte Minimal, Colección Panza, Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid
Opening of the Sculpture Park, Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo
Zeitlos, Hamburger Bahnhof Berlin
Abstraction Geometry Painting, Albright-Knox Gallery Buffalo, New York
Three Decades: The Oliver-Hoffmann Collection, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago
Balkon mit Fächer, DAAD Berlin, Germany, travelled to DuMont Kunsthalle, Cologne
Now/Then/Again, Dallas Museum of Arts, Dallas, Texas

Selection from the Roger and Myra Davidson Collection, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto
1967: At the Crossroads, Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania
A Century of Modern Sculpture: The Patsy and Raymond Nasher Collection, Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, Texas, travelled to the National Gallery of Art, Washington
Skulptur Projekte in Münster 1987, Münster
Fifty Years of Collecting: An Anniversary Selection (Sculpture of the Modern Era), The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
Standing Sculpture, Museo d’Arte Contemporanea del Castello di Rivoli, Torino

An American Renaissance: Painting and Sculpture Since 1940, Fort Lauderdale Museum of Art
Collection Souvenir, Le Nouveau Musée, Villeurbanne
The Barry Lowen Collection, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles
qu’est-ce que la sculpture moderne?, Musée National d’Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
Minimal et Conceptuel, Ecole Régionale des Beaux-Arts Georges Pompidou, Dunkerque
Europa-Amerika, Museum Wallraf-Richartz/Museum Ludwig, Cologne
Contemporary Painting and Sculpture Galleries, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Art Minimal II, Musée d’Art Contemporain, Bordeaux

The Saatchi Collection, Saatchi Collection, London
Selection from the William J. Hokin Collection, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago
Sur/Exposition, Musée des Beaux Arts de Rennes
Dreissig Jahre durch die Kunst, Museum Haus Lange and Haus Esters, Krefeld
Contrasts of Form: Geometric Abstract Art, 1910-1980, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Ressemblances/Dissemblances, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Liège
Transformation in Sculpture, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

Artists Call Against U.S. Invervention in Central America, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York and Leo Castelli Gallery, New York
Une Collection Imaginaire, Kunstmuseum Winterthur
Collectie Becht, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
Skulptur im 20. Jahrhundert, Merian-Park, Brüglingen/Basel
American Art: Minimal Expression, Tate Gallery, London
Development of Western Sculpture in the Modern Period, Museum of Modern Art, Shiga
Hallen für Neue Kunst, Schaffhausen
Little Arena – Drawings and sculptures from the collection Adri, Martin and Geert-Jan Visser, Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo
L’architecte est absent: works from the collection of Annick and Anton Herbert, Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven

Minimalism to Expressionism: Painting and Sculpture from the Permanent Collection, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
17de Biennale voor Beeldhouwkunst, Middelheim
Das, was durch Darstellung einen Stillstand andeutet. Sammlung Reiner Speck, Museum Haus Lange and Museum Haus Esters, Krefeld
The First Show: Painting and Sculpture from Eight Collections 1940–1980, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles
Ars 83 Helsinki, The Art Museum of The Atheneum, Helsinki

Surveying the Seventies, Whitney Museum of American Art, Fairfield County
’60 ’80 Attitudes/Concepts/Images, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
documenta 7, Kassel
postMINIMALISM, The Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield
Kunst wird Material, Nationalgalerie, Berlin         
Minimalism x 4, Whitney Museum of American Art/Downtown Branch, New York
The New York School: Four Decades, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

Westkunst, Rheinhallen Messegelände Köln, Cologne
Minimal Art, Fundación Juan March, Madrid
Carl Andre, Donald Judd, Sol LeWitt, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York

Andre, Dibbets, Long and Ryman, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek
Skulptur im 20. Jahrhundert, Wenkenpark, Riehen/Basel
Reliefs – Formprobleme zwischen Malerei und Skulptur im 20. Jahrhundert, Westfälisches Landesmuseum, Münster, and Kunsthaus Zürich
Pier + Ocean, Hayward Gallery, London, travelled to Otterlo
Sculptural Forms, The Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield
Carl Andre, Donald Judd, Robert Morris – Sculture Minimal, Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna, Roma
Minimal + Conceptual Art aus der Sammlung Panza, Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf, travelled to Museum für Gegenwartskunst, Basel

On Walks and Travels, Bonnefantenmuseum, Maastricht
The Reductive Object, Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston
The Minimal Tradition, The Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield
Contemporary Sculpture: Selections from the Collection of the Museum of Modern Art, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Skulptur: Matisse, Giacometti / Judd, Flavin, Andre, Long”, Kunsthalle Bern

Aspekte der 60er Jahre, Nationalgalerie Berlin, Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin
Door beeldhouwers gemaakt. Made by Sculptors, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
American Art 1950 to the Present, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
Selections, Historical and Contemporary Objects, Hartnell College Gallery, Salinas
From Nature to Art, from Art to Nature”, La biennale di Venezia
Carl Andre – Robert Hunter, Newcastle Region Art Gallery, Newcastle

Wood, Nassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn, New York
Paris – New York, Musée National d’Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
Skulptur. Ausstellung in Münster, Westfälisches Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte, Münster
View of a Decade, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago
American Art in Belgium, Palais des Beaux Arts, Brussels

Rooms PS 1, Institute for Art and Urban Resources, PS 1, Long Island City, New York
Carl Andre, Richard Long and Barry LeVa, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
New York-Downtown Manhattan: SoHo, Akademie der Künste, Berlin
Räume, Städtisches Museum, Mönchengladbach
Action and Reaction, Guggenheim Museum New York
Andre/Flavin/Judd/LeWit”, The Museum of Modern Art, Oxford
ProspectRetrospect / Europa 1946–1976, Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf

Masterworks in Wood: The Twentieth Century, Portland Art Museum
Sculpture: American Directions 1974-1975, National Collection of Fine Arts, Washington, D.C., travelled to Cincinnati
Je/Nous, Musée d’Ixelles, Brussels

Painting and Sculpture Today 1974, Indianapolis Museum of Art, and the Taft Museum Cincinnati, Ohio
Sculpture Now: Dissolution or Redefinition, Royal College of Art, London
Der Konstruktivismus und seine Nachfolge, Beispiele aus dem Bestand der Staatsgalerie Stuttgart und ihrer Graphischen Sammlung, Staatsgalerie Stuttgart
Interventions in Landscape, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge
Kunst über Kunst, Kölnischer Kunstverein, Cologne
The New Image, The High Museum of Art, Atlanta, Georgia

Contemporanea. Incontri Internationali d’Arte, Parcheggio di Villa Borghese, Roma
Some Recent American Art, The National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, travelled to Perth, Sydney, Adelaide, and Auckland
Bilder, Objekte: Sammlung Herbig, Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich
American Art: Third Quarter Century”, Seattle Art Museum, Washington

Grids, Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Painting and Sculpture 1972″, Storm King Art Center, Mountainville, New York
Recent American Painting and Sculpture in the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York

Sonsbeek ’71 – Buiten de Perken, Park Sonsbeek, Arnhem
Second Indian Triennial, New Delhi
Sixth Guggenheim International Exhibition”, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum New York

L’Art Vivant aux Etats-Unis, Foundation Maeght, St. Paul-de-Vence
Between Man and Matter, Tenth Biennale Tokyo, Tokyo Metropolitan Art Gallery, travelled to Kyoto and Nagoya
Eisen- und Stahlplastik 1930-70, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart
Sixty-ninth American Exhibition, The Art Institute of Chicago
Information, The Museum of Modern Art, New York; travelled to Kyoto and Nagoya
1970 Annual Exhibition: Contemporary American Sculpture, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
Unitary Forms: Minimal Sculpture by Carl Andre, Don Judd, John McCracken, Tony Smith”, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco
Fünf Künstler in fünf Räumen, Kunst- und Museumsverein Wuppertal
Bildnerische Ausdrucksformen 1960-1970. Sammlung Karl Ströher, Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt

When Attitudes Become Form, Kunsthalle, Bern, Switzerland, travelled to Museum Haus Lange Krefeld, and Institute of Contemporary Arts, London
Op Losse Schroeven. Square Pegs in Round Holes, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
Anti-Illusion: Procedures / Materials, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
Number 7, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York

Minimal Art, Haags Gemeentemuseum, Den Haag, travelled to Kunsthalle Düsseldorf and Akademie der Künste Berlin
Sammlung 1968 Karl Ströher, Neue Pinakothek, Munich, travelled to Kunstverein Hamburg, Nationalgalerie Berlin, Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, and Kunsthalle Bern, Bern
documenta 4, Kassel
Exterior Situations, Windham College, Putney
Prospect 68, Städtische Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf
3 Blind Mice/de Collecties: Visser, Peeters, Becht, Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven
Benefit for the Student Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York
The Art of the Real: USA 1948–1968″, The Museum of Modern Art New York, travelled to The Tate Gallery London, Centre National d’Art Contemporain Paris, and Kunsthaus Zürich
Earthworks, Dwan Gallery, New York

American Sculpture of the Sixties, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, travelled to Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia
A Romantic Minimalism, Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia
Normal Art, Lannis Museum of Normal Art, New York
Art in Series, Finch College Museum of Art, New York

Primary Structures: Younger American and British Sculptors, The Jewish Museum, New York
Multiplicity, Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, Massachusetts
10, Dwan Gallery, New York

Shape and Structure, Tibor de Nagy Gallery, New York

Eight Young Artists, The Hudson River Museum, Yonkers, New York and Bennington College, Vermont